The U.S. Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
Jefferson Lab has been recognized again for its environmental stewardship, recently earning a 2009 Hampton Roads Sanitation District Pretreatment Excellence Gold Award.
Gold awards are presented to businesses that had perfect industrial wastewater permit compliance for a full compliance year (2009).
The Hampton Roads Sanitation District held its annual awards luncheon on April 15 in Portsmouth. During the event, HRSD recognized businesses and industry for exemplary permit compliance and outstanding Pollution Prevention measures. A letter from HRSD reads, in part:
JLab representatives attending the awards event included Jennifer Williams and Brett Lewis from the Environmental, Health, Safety and Quality Division and Patty Hunt from the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson Site Office.
Contact ESH&Q's Bill Rainey, ext. 7898, or email email@example.com, with information regarding any pollution prevention improvement underway in 2010 that could qualify for an HRSD or other award or recognition.
HRSD serves a population of 1.6 million in 17 cities and counties in southeastern Virginia.
Jefferson Lab shares its grounds with an array of wild creatures, and recent construction has disturbed the natural habitat of many. Likewise, some of these critters can be disruptive to lab operations and dangerous if confronted – especially when they choose to enter indoor workspaces or undermine structures.
For example, groundhogs dig holes in accelerator shielding. Occasionally, poisonous snakes make their way into buildings. Stinging insects and spiders can be present indoors and out.
The Environment, Safety, Health and Quality Division and the Facilities Management and Logistics Department urge everyone to take precautions when working in areas that mimic or overlap the natural habitat of native creatures especially when working on the Accelerator Site during the summer when many of these creatures are most active.
If you should come across any wildlife in circumstances that cause you concern, alert Mike Lewellen at ext. 7169 or firstname.lastname@example.org as soon as feasible and follow up by putting in a FM&L Work Request. Do not confront or corner wildlife – FM&L retains the services of a pest control company and can safely deal with your concern.
If you are stung or bitten, report to Occupational Medicine and then contact Lewellen to notify him of the location and conditions. Prompt medical care can help prevent infection and complications that could result in unnecessary pain and lost work.
Over the last several years there has been an upsurge of Lyme disease in Virginia. It is important to remember that ticks become more active with warmer weather, increasing the risk of tick-borne disease. While several types of tick-borne disease are found in Virginia, Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne infection reported.
Since 2000, Virginia has witnessed a steady increase in the number of Lyme disease cases. Most cases occur during the late spring and early summer with illness presentation in June, July and August. Common symptoms of Lyme disease include: fever, headache, fatigue, "bull's-eye" rash, muscle aches and stiff neck.
Lyme disease is preventable. Information about Lyme disease and how to reduce the risk of contracting it is available on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention webpage, at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/lyme/index.htm. According to the CDC, adhering to the following practices can decrease the risk of contracting this infection:
The Virginia Department of Health also provides information on preventing tick bites and tick-borne illness at:
An informational brochure provided by the Virginia Cooperative Extension and Virginia Tech is available at: www.tidewateratc.com/Tick%20Brochure.pdf.
I was born and raised in Bristol, United Kingdom, the oldest of three sons. I was always attracted to science and interested in how things work. I read a lot of science books, even outside of the classroom. Originally, I was attracted to aspects of chemistry, being fascinated by the structure of atoms and how they are built up. But by the time I was in secondary school I had discovered quarks and my course toward physics was probably set by then.
I earned my bachelor's and master's degrees in natural sciences at Cambridge and then my Ph.D. in theoretical particle physics at Oxford. My thesis was on "Strong and Electroweak Properties of Hadrons." While at Oxford, I also taught particle physics, mathematical methods and other topics through giving tutorials to undergraduates.
As a teen-ager, I got involved with a British Red Cross youth group through which I learned and was certified in first aid. I continued with this pursuit throughout my time at Cambridge with St. John Ambulance, and then at Oxford, where I was a member of the first aid unit and helped provide first aid coverage at events on campus.
I came to Jefferson Lab in October 2008 as a theory postdoctoral fellow and have really enjoyed working with Jo Dudek, Robert Edwards and David Richards as part of the Hadron Spectrum Collaboration. We use Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics to calculate the spectrum and properties of mesons, performing calculations on the large computers here at the lab. One of our goals is to calculate the photocouplings of exotic mesons, work which is relevant to the GlueX experiment, a central feature of the 12 GeV Upgrade. It is satisfying being able to relate theory to experiment.
I had been to the United States just once before coming to the lab, and since then I've had a chance to see more of the country, including Seattle, Denver and the Washington, D.C. area. Most recently I was invited to give a plenary talk on "Lattice QCD, Photo Couplings and Radiative Transitions" in Tallahassee, Fla., for the XIII International Conference on Hadron Spectroscopy. And over the years, conferences have also taken me to China, Italy and Switzerland.
The biggest shock of coming to Newport News from Oxford is the fact that I have to drive everywhere. I was much more accustomed to an environment where biking and walking were the norm. I like to hike, particularly in mountains, an activity I pursued throughout my time in university.
In addition to research, I am one of the organizers of Theory Center seminars. I'm enjoying my time at the lab and especially the energized environment and interactions with the many people who work here and visit. It's a great place to be at this time in physics.
As told to Judi Tull
No job is too small for Chef Adrian Durant, no kitchen technique too complicated. Executive Chef of JLab's Quark Cafe since October 2008, Durant can go from minced onions to macédoine with a quick flip of his 12-inch Forschner chef knife.
"It doesn't matter what I'm cooking," he says, "as long as it looks good, tastes good."
Canadian – make that French Canadian – by birth, Durant grew up in Montreal where fine food was always on the menu.
"It was always gourmet at home," he says. His Austrian mother added even more continental flair to the family cuisine. The family moved to Pennsylvania when he was eight, but still goes back to Canada most summers. There was never much doubt about his career path. As a teen-ager, he worked summertime landscaping jobs, but winters inevitably found him indoors, working as a cook.
When the JLab position opened up, Durant, with years of head chef experience behind him, was ready for a change. In the restaurant world, hours are long, the pace grueling.
"I decided to do something a little more life-related," he explains, "instead of spending every New Year's Eve doing inventory at one-thirty in the morning."
Quark Cafe, while still demanding, offers a friendlier, more stable environment. "I really enjoy the family atmosphere here," he says. "Having a real relationship with our customers is great."
He has nothing but high praise for his Quark Cafe colleagues.
"We have an outstanding team here," he says. "I couldn't wish for a better group to work with." Grill cook Patricia Barry and sous chef Craig Tegenborg work particularly closely with him on meal preparation and to-order cooking. Utility specialist Sandra Graham anchors the catering service and cashier Queen Simon covers the front of the house. But the fine print on everyone's job description includes "whatever needs doing."
"Everyone pulls together to get a job done," Durant says. "We can be doing a meal and catering prep, and a delivery comes in that needs to be broken down and put away – everyone knows what needs to be done and does it. I'm proud of the team and proud to be a part of it."
Working closely with Quark Cafe manager Gaye Davenport, Durant oversees menus, food orders, recipe selection, inventory management and culinary staff training. Menu planning is an extra challenge at Jefferson Lab, he points out. There's a wide variety of tastes, from vegetarian to down-home to upscale, plus the many countries and cultures represented among the lab's staff, users and visitors.
At 20, Durant enrolled at the New England Culinary Institute in Burlington, Vt. NECI attracted him because of its small class size: There were six people in his. Working at The Inn at Essex (a hotel outside Burlington), students learned every aspect of running a restaurant, from baking and planning banquets to wine service and even cleaning out grease traps.
At NECI, six months of rigorous classes alternated with an even more grueling six months of hands-on work in real restaurants. Durant's first internship was at Harvest Restaurant, off Harvard Square in Cambridge, Mass.
"That was my first high-end restaurant experience," he says. "We'd get in thousand-dollar cheese orders, still packed in ash and straw. It really opened my eyes to what I had gotten myself into."
With two dining areas, one fine dining, one bistro-style, and daily-changing menus, the Harvest Restaurant catapulted Durant into the fast-paced, controlled chaos of the restaurant kitchen. He loved it, serving as garde manger, or "keeper of the food." His duties there mainly focused on prepping and presenting cold foods.
Durant served his second internship at the Four Seasons in Newport Beach, Calif., and stayed six years. As "rounds cook," he filled in for other chefs on their days off, gaining a priceless breadth and depth of experience. He also learned a lesson that has never left him.
"You can learn anything from anyone," he says, "and sometimes it's a very unexpected source. I was making guacamole, peeling and cutting very precisely, when one of the dishwashers offered to help. I turned my nose up at the offer and kept doing it my way, which was tedious and time-consuming. He kept asking and eventually I said OK. José cut the avocado in half and mashed it right through a steel-mesh square. Quick. Simple. I was humbled."
While in California, Durant crossed paths with a former colleague, later chef to the College of William and Mary's president. This colleague recruited Durant to start the college's first catering department. For seven years Durant first developed and then ran all of the college's catering, and fed notables such as Margaret Thatcher, Henry Kissinger, Judge William Rehnquist and Jackie Chan.
He enjoys the freedom Quark Cafe offers to develop new menus, try out new recipes and use fresh, seasonal produce.
"I like the flexibility," he says. "It keeps the job interesting and fun."
He hopes to try out lettuce wraps this summer. Or maybe gazpacho. Or an outside barbecue. Or seared scallops over spinach with a grapefruit vinaigrette. The ideas keep spilling out.
Durant's passion for things culinary continues at home. He watches television restaurant shows "Hell's Kitchen" and "Kitchen Nightmares," and regularly devours cooking magazines for new ideas. He's also the main at-home cook. During the week, he sticks to simple foods that can be prepared in 20 minutes or under. On weekends, he's likely to tackle something more involved such as smoked chicken, or wild mushroom risotto made with mushrooms hand-picked, dried and shipped to him by his mother. His favorite meal? Grilled T-bone with caramelized onions and blue cheese. "I love to grill in the summer."
Does he miss the excitement of a bustling restaurant kitchen? Sure, he admits, every now and then. But he enjoys his stable, weekday work schedule – rare in the food business. And having evenings and weekends at home is more than a fair trade for having to be at work by 6 a.m.
By Judi Tull
Throughout the school year, from fall to spring, 20 selected 5th, 6th and 8th grade science teachers from across the region gather in Jefferson Lab’s Science Education classroom in the VARC building to engage in a program designed to increase their knowledge of the physical sciences and strengthen their teaching skills.
Since 2008, the JLab Science Activities for Teachers (JSAT) program has offered participants hands-on learning,
Led by the lab’s Science Education administrator, Lisa Surles-Law, the classes meet in the evenings, every other week, alternating by grade level. This highly successful and sought-after program is funded by a grant from the JSA Initiatives Fund. The program
JSAT was created to address a demand in the local teaching community. The coursework is similar to the four-week DOE Academies Creating Teacher Scientists (ACTS) program held at the lab each summer, and includes a basic course in physics, lectures on current research, physical science classroom activities and the completion of a team-based research project under the guidance of Jefferson Lab staff.
“Jan Tyler and Sally Fisk really wanted to reach more teachers and arm them with the know-how and confidence
Teachers must apply to be admitted to JSAT, providing information on their teaching experience and writing an essay on how the JSAT program will help them reach their teaching goals. This year 43 teachers were accepted into the program. Those who are not formally admitted into the program receive a thumb drive containing all the core materials, which they may use at their schools.
Program participants receive instruction in the physical sciences and how to improve their teaching methodology. They also take home the materials they’ve used in each training session and complete kits of hands-on activities to share with their students, such as the ones for the PhysicsQuest competition, sponsored by the American Physical Society.
“This program is a valuable resource for teachers of all experience levels,” Surles-Law said. “Teachers network with one another, share ideas and try out the teaching activities before doing them with their students. We’ve found that this program has a far-reaching impact: teachers become empowered and begin to positively influence entire school science programs.
” As in the ACTS program, teachers are limited to attending three years of instruction, and many of them seize the opportunity to take part every year that they can. Their enthusiasm is palpable, and, despite having worked a full day at school, many of them drive from as far away as Southside Hampton Roads, Gloucester, Richmond and Henrico County because they find the program so valuable.
JSAT teachers assist the lab with hosting the annual “teacher night.” They invite their fellow teachers to come to the lab to see hands-on demonstrations of classroom projects, pick up teaching materials and learn more about the program.
Surles-Law also points out that the learning, networking and access to the lab’s vast and varied resources doesn’t stop at the end of the course. “They can call us with questions, borrow things, and ask for help,” she said. “Once you’re part of the Jefferson Lab community,
you’re always able to stay connected
By Judi Tull
Wednesday nights in the Jefferson Lab Science Education classroom were abuzz with excitement and enthusiasm during the 2009-2010 school year. Teachers gathered there to take part in JLab’s Science Activities for Teachers program. Teachers would start arriving around 5 p.m. as science education administrator Lisa Surles-Law and volunteer teacher Ray Yoh got the evening’s lessons ready.
Cindy Chung, a special education teacher at Langley Elementary School, talks with her tablemate, Elizabeth Blevins, a 6th-grade teacher from Davis Middle School in Hampton. Both women have taken the class before and both have returned to expand their own knowledge so they can enhance their students’ science experiences.
“One of the most beneficial aspects of JSAT for me is that it helps me bring real excitement to teaching science, and that encourages interest and excitement in the kids, too,” Chung explained.
For Blevins, it’s a way to enhance what she already knew. “This really helps me move ahead,” she said. “I’ve re-learned a lot that I’d forgotten, and one of the best parts is that we learn from each other. I’m excited every time about coming here, even at the end of a long day.”
For Leala Otarota, the program has special meaning. She teaches 8th grade at The Academy of Life and Learning, which is part of the Williamsburg/James City County public school system. Her students are academically challenged, with most of them reading at least two grades below their regular grade level.
“My kids struggle,” she said. “Everything I learn here, and the materials I’m provided with, I take back to them and use. This has been an unbelievably rich and rewarding experience.”
Otarota talks on as she sets up Petri dishes with nuts, screws, bolts and washers for a lab on elements, compounds and mixtures that she’ll do at her school. She’ll take the sets back to her students so they can experience hands-on learning that wouldn’t have been available to them otherwise.
“We all learn best by doing,” says Surles-Law as she watches Otarota work. “And our teachers have a great time doing this. They take that excitement about science back to their schools, and share it with their peers. This program creates educational ripples throughout our communities. It doesn’t end here.”
Otarota and the other teachers all comment on the wealth and breadth of materials that Jefferson Science Associates/JLab supplies them with as part of the program. “The generosity and support provided through this program and the people who do this program are amazing,” she said.
For Paula Collet, who teaches 5th graders at West Side Elementary School in Isle of Wight County, her first year in the JSAT program has brought a wealth of not only learning but also much-needed classroom equipment and supplies. Mostly, though, she gets to share the sheer enthusiasm that’s generated here. “I leave here so energized,” she said, “and I take that energy back with me. The kids get excited too, and I’m always aware that that feeling is possibly just what the child sitting in the back of the room needed to spark a real passion for science in them.”
Liz Hobson, who teaches at Norfolk’s School of International Studies at Meadowbrook Magnet School, makes the trip from school and then back to her home in Chesapeake. She shrugs with a smile at the idea of a long drive after a long day.
“This is the first time I’ve come here for a program, and it’s worth every bit of the drive,” she noted with a smile. “One of the biggest benefits is that the way they teach us, I can be doing the activity the very next morning with my classes.
” For teacher Tom Conley from Crittenden Middle School in Newport News, this is his third year in the JSAT program. An educator for 30 years - 11 of those spent as a principal - Conley also mentors new teachers and passes on what he’s learned at JSAT to them.
“Of all the classes I’ve done over my years in education, this is the most useful and practical of all,” he said.
By Judi Tull
When Ray Yoh retired from the Air Force, he chose a new career: He went to Christopher Newport University for his teacher's certificate and took a job at Peasley Middle School in Gloucester, where he taught 8th grade science for eight years. After retiring there, and enjoying a year off (during which he rode a bike across the United States), Yoh then became a science teacher at Trinity Lutheran School.
He has had a long association with teacher enrichment programs at Jefferson Lab. A "graduate" of Jefferson Lab's ACTS (Academies Creating Teacher Scientists) summer program, and the earlier Physics Enrichment for Science Teachers program, Yoh signed on to be a volunteer teacher helping teachers in the JSAT program three years ago.
"It's fun teaching people who are interested and who truly like being here," he said. "After a number of years, it's challenging for teachers to keep coming up with new ideas. This program keeps the ideas flowing and really provides them with wonderful resources."
When teacher Amanda Carmean went through the Becoming Enthusiastic About Math and Science (BEAMS) program at JLab, science education administrator Lisa Surles-Law and others couldn't help but notice her outright enthusiasm and, in Surles-Law's words, "willingness to go the extra mile." So they offered her a part-time position as a teacher in the JSAT program when it started three years ago. Carmean, who teachessixth-gradescience at Crittenden Middle School in Newport News, is full of praise for what JSAT brings to teachers.
"For a teacher, the best thing is not having to re-invent the wheel," she said. "Through JSAT, teachers are able to not only learn new and exciting ways of presenting lessons to their students, but they also get to share what works with other teachers. It's hard to find time in a normal school day to really talk to one another. This program gives them the chance to do that. Our teachers have really good ideas and we're glad to give them a setting where they can share them."
By Judi Tull
Thousands of Virginia students flock to Jefferson Lab's Science Education website each spring to prepare for the Virginia Standards of Learning tests.
Jefferson Lab recently received 2009 SOL questions and responses from the Virginia Department of Education and has added them to the SOL archive on Jefferson Lab's website. For the first time, the website now includes high school Biology, in addition to Math 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8; Science 3, 5 and 8; Technology 5 and 8 and high school Chemistry, Earth Science, Algebra I and II, and Geometry SOL questions and responses.
"The most frequently accessed pages on the website include the Virginia Standards of Learning Science, Math and Technology Practice Tests and our 'Who Wants to Win $1 Million Math and Science Quiz,'" says Steve Gagnon, Jefferson Lab Science Education technician and webmaster. (No money is involved.)
The education website includes questions from the recently released 2009 Virginia SOL tests, as well as test questions going back to 2000.
"The SOL practice tests are a great resource for students, teachers, parents, or anyone interested in the information," Gagnon adds.
The website is set up so a person can request 5, 10, 20, or 40 random multiple-choice questions from a single category. Or if desired, the site allows teachers and students to bring up non-random sets of questions. If a teacher wants a class to review a series of specific subcategories, the teacher can have the students go to the website's SOL index page and make an assigned series of selections from the "options" offered. Then all of the students will go through the same fixed set of questions.
"This feature is very useful for classroom settings," Gagnon notes.
The interactive design of the website lets users select and submit their answer. They are immediately told if their response is right or wrong. Whether a correct or incorrect response is given, the answer page repeats the question and provides the correct answer.
"Use of this review tool climbs significantly as preparation for the annual testing period gets underway," Gagnon notes. "Use usually peaks in May with daily page hits running into the four millions."
While a significant number of students from across Virginia use these review tools to prepare for SOL tests, teachers and students from a number of other states also use these web-based resources to review for annual academic tests.
Visit the Jefferson Lab Education webpage for these and other games and activities (http://education.jlab.org/). To access the SOL practice tests or to play the $1 million math and science quiz, click on the Games & Puzzles icon.
Ross Bailes, Engineering Division
These Milestone entries, listed alphabetically, are full-time, term, casual and student actions posted by Human Resources for late March through mid-May 2010.
JLab Careers are also posted under the Popular Applications listing on JLab's internal Insight page.
To Reduce Electrical Load Across Virginia During Peak Summer Use, JLab Participates in Interruptible Electric Load Program; Annual Power Reduction Test Set for June 10
Jefferson Lab qualifies for electrical service under the Commonwealth of Virginia electrical power contract. This summer the laboratory is again participating in an interruptible electrical load program under the state electric contract. Dominion Virginia Power is part of the PJM Power Grid that serves Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware, as well as parts of North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia and Ohio. This demand-side energy management helps to ensure that periods of tight electricity supply on the grid don't turn into brown outs or power outages.
"Last year we were reimbursed for participating in the program and the annual test, and are investing in energy savings projects," notes Mike Dallas, JLab's chief operating officer. "We will do the same again this year."
How the program works:
The period of reduction is the shorter of six hours, until 8 p.m., or notification that the demand reduction event is over. The number of events during one year is limited. The program only applies from 12 noon to 8 p.m. workdays during the months of June through September.
To qualify for participation the lab must participate in a one hour test. In exchange for participating in the program, the lab will receive a standby payment as well as an energy payment.
How the lab responds to load reduction events/tests:
Individuals assigned to manage the predetermined load reductions will turn off their assigned loads. These individuals are directly contacted by the utility subcontractor via e-mail, phone, and/or pager. The predetermined load reductions include taking the accelerator from beam permit to controlled access (magnet power supplies will be turned off), securing select computing equipment and controlling operation of air conditioning equipment is selected buildings.
Those individuals/groups using systems that are electrically power intensive, such as DC power supplies, operations in the Test Lab VTA (vertical test area) or cavity test areas, should schedule their operations such that energy intensive operations do not occur during the 2-3 p.m. test time on June 10. Those operations should not start after 12 noon on that day.
At the end of the annual test or an actual event the lab will send out an e-mail to staff and users notifying them that the event has ended.
2010 Annual Test
Please contact Paul Powers at ext. 7258 or Rusty Sprouse at ext 7589 with any questions.
Jefferson Lab's annual Run-A-Round was held May 12. Between 600 and 700 people participated in the event. Winner results, the official times for everyone finishing the race and photos of the event are posted on the Jefferson Lab Activities Group webpage located here. To mark the 25th anniversary of the Run-A-Round, the JAG presented special versions of the 2010 JLab T-shirt to the four lab staff members who participated in the first event back in 1985 and were taking part this year.
The On Target newsletter is published monthly by the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab), a nuclear physics research laboratory in Newport News, Virginia, operated by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. Possible news items and ideas for future stories may be emailed to email@example.com, or sent to the Jefferson Lab Public Affairs Office, Suite 15, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, VA 23606